Green Aral Sea Initiative

Planting the drought-resistant saxaul tree on the Aral Sea’s dried seabed is the best way to turn tragedy into new opportunities for all.

Green Aral Sea Initiative





  • ‘Aral Sea’ translates to the Sea of Islands (of which there were once over a thousand!)
  • At its greatest size the Aral Sea was only slightly smaller than Ireland, fed by the Amudarya and Syrdarya rivers
  • The sea has lost 60,000 km2, or 90% of its size, over half a century
  • Along with the Aral Sea’s waters, the marshes and wetland ecosystems of the Amudarya and Syrdarya river deltas have also disappeared
  • 50% of Aral Sea flora and fauna has been lost, including 11 types of fish, 11 plants species, 26 species of birds, and 12 mammals
  • The Aral Sea was once the centre of a fishing industry that caught 40,000 tonnes of fish each year – that prosperity is now gone
  • Through frequent droughts and dust storms, 75 million tonnes of toxic salts and sand are spread from the seabed every year
  • Cancer and tuberculosis (TB) rates are 50% higher around the Aral Sea than in other regions
  • Only 50% of the population has access to safe drinking water
  • The poverty rate is the region’s highest
  • (Fortunately for us) Saxaul is a plant species native to western Uzbekistan, able to grow in harsh, saline conditions with little water, and providing a niche for varied fauna
  • The Aral Sea disaster can’t be reversed, but still the situation is not hopeless

For centuries Aral Sea was the world’s fourth largest inland lake, offering its treasures and sustaining many settlements, where people enjoyed prosperous lives as fishermen, farmers, herders, craftsmen and traders.

However, in just the past 60 to 80 years, the sea lost 90% of its size and was transformed into the Aralkum desert. This disaster has had catastrophic impacts on biodiversity with many types of fish, animals and plants completely disappearing from the region.

You can make a difference for people living there and beyond by making the environment healthier and more suitable.

Toxic salts and sand are picked up by winds and carried out over to hundreds and thousands of kilometers harming people’s livelihoods and well being and impacting their identities and culture.

Studies show that each year, winds from Aral Sea carry 100 million tonnes of toxic sand and salts that reach out European cities, glaciers of Island, forests in Norway and even Antarctica


There is a consensus that bringing water back to the larger South Aral Sea is unlikely to happen.

However, this does not mean that nothing can be done.

YOU can make a difference for people living there and beyond by making the environment healthier and more suitable.

We aim to plant saxaul in the Aral seabed and transform 100 hectares of desert into verdant forest.

Saxaul can help stop the spread of toxic salts and desertification – just one tree can fix and hold up to four tonnes of sand.

This will be a FIRST but CRUCIAL MOVE to replacing the Aral Sea with a green blanket, helping protect the environment and give people hope for a brighter

future.Your Donation is an investment in Tomorrow!

Every Contribution will give people hope for a brighter future

  • Mitigate climate change and CO2 emissions
  • Prevent the further spread of toxic salts and sand across Central Asia and beyond
  • Help transform the empty Aral seabed into a green blanket of trees
  • Improve biodiversity and have a positive impact on the environment
  • Create and support sustainable livelihood opportunities, and improve health conditions for people in the Aral Sea region

With just a few clicks, you can help us plant our 100-hectare (247 acres) plot on the Aral seabed with saxaul saplings. Every dollar you donate will plant one tree, helping our forest to grow.

You can also support us by learning more about the Aral Sea disaster and the saxaul tree solution, and getting the word out through blogs, social media, events and conversations.

The Aral Sea disaster is a global problem that needs a global response – you can make a difference.

Sign up for Tadamon

Sign up for Tadamon

More campaigns

All campaigns >
Ray Of Hope

Ray Of Hope

Bringing Sustainable Energy Solutions to Bakhoun Technical School